What Happens When You Have Kidney Failure

What Happens When You Have Kidney Failure – The kidneys clean the blood of waste, balance electrolytes in the body, control blood pressure and stimulate the production of red blood cells.

The kidneys clean the blood of waste, balance electrolytes in the body, control blood pressure and stimulate the production of red blood cells. They receive blood flow through the renal arteries directly from the aorta, the largest artery that carries oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the rest of the body.

What Happens When You Have Kidney Failure

What Happens When You Have Kidney Failure

The kidneys are extremely sensitive to any reduction in blood flow. When a kidney artery is narrowed by plaque buildup (stenosis) and blood flow is restricted to one kidney, high blood pressure (hypertension) can occur. Renal artery stenosis causes about 5% of all cases of hypertension and can reduce the size of the kidneys. If the congestion affects both kidneys, it can also lead to decreased kidney function (kidney failure). Narrowing of both renal arteries is a major cause of kidney failure in the elderly.

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There are two main causes of renal artery stenosis. If the initial diagnosis of hypertension is made before the age of 30 and any further treatment has been ruled out, the diagnosis is fibromyalgia (FMD). In elderly patients, the most common cause is narrowing of the arteries due to cholesterol-rich plaques (atherosclerosis).

Primary hypertension can damage not only the renal arteries, but also the kidneys. There is a direct link between untreated high blood pressure and an increased risk of stroke, heart attack, heart failure, kidney failure, and vision problems. The medical terms for this type of kidney failure, which can be caused by primary or secondary hypertension, are chronic renal failure or end-stage renal disease (ESRD).

Secondary hypertension with an identifiable cause is usually suspected in children, adolescents, and young adults with sudden onset of hypertension. It also often occurs in patients whose high blood pressure is poorly controlled despite standard treatment, including medication. In these cases, renal artery stenosis can be diagnosed using a physical examination or special tests:

Angioplasty is a surgical procedure in which a tube with a balloon attached is inserted through an artery in the leg and into the renal artery. The balloon is inflated to widen the narrowed renal artery. A stent is a tube-shaped device that is inserted into a widened part of a renal artery to prevent the artery from narrowing or becoming blocked.

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Kidneys that are not working or have failed can no longer efficiently remove waste products from the body. If the waste products reach toxic levels, they can be artificially removed by dialysis or a kidney transplant.

A person with kidney failure can be treated with an artificial kidney machine (dialysis), which removes toxins from the blood. Patients who require continuous dialysis use an artificial kidney machine up to three times a week to treat kidney failure.

Note: Dialysis requires surgery to create a direct artery to vein(s) or prosthesis that is placed in the patient’s arm or leg. This artificial circuit often fails due to poor or blocked flow and must be repaired or replaced surgically to continue treatment. The cause of the failure is abnormal scarring and thickening of the lining of the vein that receives blood from the artery. A vascular surgeon performs a vascular access procedure to create a connection, usually a prosthesis that connects an artery and vein in the patient’s arm. This allows the dialysis machine to connect directly to the patient’s bloodstream.

What Happens When You Have Kidney Failure

Vascular Cures welcomes patients and advocates to share their stories, provide advice on our programs, and help us advocate for patient needs. Patients as Partners is a community where patients are listened to, empowered and encouraged to influence the healthcare system. Learn more and request more information here. Kidney disease means that your kidneys are not working properly and are starting to lose their function. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) gets worse over time. High blood pressure and diabetes are two common causes of chronic kidney disease. There is no cure for COPD, but you can take steps to maintain function for as long as possible. Advanced kidney disease requires dialysis or a kidney transplant.

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Chronic kidney disease is when the kidneys stop filtering waste from the urine. You may have noticeable symptoms such as foamy urine, feeling more tired or itchy skin.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD and CKD) means that your kidneys are damaged and not working properly. Your kidneys are like a filter in your body – they filter waste, toxins and excess water from your blood. They also help with other functions such as bones and red blood cells. When your kidneys start to lose their function, they can’t filter out waste, which means waste builds up in your blood.

Kidney disease is called “chronic” because kidney function slowly declines over time. Chronic kidney disease can lead to kidney failure, also called end-stage renal disease. Not everyone with CKD will develop kidney failure, but the disease often gets worse without treatment. There is no cure for chronic kidney disease. But there are steps you can take to slow kidney damage. Treatments such as dialysis and transplantation are options for kidney failure (end-stage kidney disease).

You have two kidneys. They are bean-shaped organs located behind, on either side of the spine, just below the ribs. Each kidney is the size of your fist.

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The kidneys have many functions, but their main job is to clean the blood, get rid of toxins, waste, and excess water, such as urine (urine). The kidneys also balance electrolytes (such as salt and potassium) and minerals in the body, produce hormones that regulate blood pressure, make red blood cells, and keep bones strong. When your kidneys are damaged and not working properly, waste products can build up in your blood and cause disease.

There are five stages of chronic kidney disease. Scores are based on how well your kidneys are able to filter waste products from your blood. Blood and urine tests determine the stage of chronic kidney disease.

The stages range from very mild (stage 1) to kidney failure (stage 5). Healthcare professionals determine the level of function of your kidneys using your glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Your GFR is a number based on the amount of creatinine, a waste product, in your blood.

What Happens When You Have Kidney Failure

Your kidneys are not working as well as they should and are showing mild to moderate damage. This is the most common level. At this stage, you may notice symptoms.

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Your kidneys are showing moderate damage and are not working as well as they should. With proper treatment, many people can stay in this stage and never progress to stage 4.

Your kidneys are very close to failure or have stopped working. At this stage, you may need dialysis or a kidney transplant.

About 15% of adults in the United States have chronic kidney disease. About 37 million people in the United States live with chronic kidney disease.

In the early stages of kidney disease, you usually have no obvious symptoms. As the disease progresses, symptoms may include:

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Keep in mind that it can take years for waste products to build up in the blood and cause symptoms.

You usually have no symptoms of kidney disease, especially in the early stages. If you develop symptoms, the first signs that something is wrong may be swelling of the hands and feet, itchy skin, or the need to urinate more often. Because symptoms vary, it’s best to call your healthcare provider if you think something is wrong.

Kidney disease occurs when the kidneys are damaged and cannot filter the blood. In chronic kidney disease, the damage usually occurs over several years.

What Happens When You Have Kidney Failure

High blood pressure (hypertension) and diabetes are the two most common causes of CKD. Other causes and conditions that affect kidney function and can cause chronic kidney disease include:

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Yes, kidney disease can run in biological families. Risk factors for CKD, such as diabetes, also commonly run in families.

First, your doctor will review your medical history, perform a physical exam, ask about the medications you are taking, and ask about any symptoms you have noticed.

Other tests may include imaging tests to look for problems with the size and structure of the kidneys – such as ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and/or computed tomography (CT). Your doctor may also order a kidney biopsy to check for a certain type of kidney disease or to determine kidney damage.

There is no cure for chronic kidney disease (CKD), but steps can be taken to maintain kidney function so they can work as long as possible. If you have impaired kidney function:

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Depending on the cause of your kidney disease, you may be prescribed one or more medications. Medications that your nephrologist may prescribe include:

Because there is no cure for COPD, if you have end-stage kidney disease, you and your healthcare provider should consider other options. Complete kidney failure leads to death if left untreated. Options for end-stage renal disease include dialysis and a kidney transplant.

Dialysis is a procedure that uses machines to remove waste

What Happens When You Have Kidney Failure

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