What Happens If You Take Vitamins On An Empty Stomach

What Happens If You Take Vitamins On An Empty Stomach – When we think about vitamins, our main concern usually focuses on their deficiency. We are often warned about the dangers and symptoms associated with not getting the nutrients we need to thrive and want to avoid disease. But what happens when you take too many vitamins?

It’s a scenario we rarely think about, but it’s a real possibility. If you take a daily multivitamin with powerful boosters from certain supplements – vitamin D spray – and eat a balanced, nutritious diet that includes fortified foods, you may not realize that you are overdoing it in terms of vitamins.

What Happens If You Take Vitamins On An Empty Stomach

What Happens If You Take Vitamins On An Empty Stomach

Unfortunately, taking too many vitamins and minerals can be as dangerous as taking almost none. And the effect can be so subtle, you don’t even know you’re in danger. Deborah Lee from Dr. Fox Online Pharmacy to explain the health effects associated with too many vitamins:

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Despite what you’ve heard, it’s almost impossible to get a lot of vitamins from nutritious foods. For example, eating too many bananas is dangerous for your health because the fruit is high in potassium.

However, to reach the recommended target of 3,500 mg per day, you would need to eat more than seven bananas – and more than 42 bananas swallowed in a short period of time will make you sick from excess mineral intake.

“In general, most people believe that vitamins should be safe, and even if they are not useful, they should not do any harm,” said Dr. Lee. However, a scientific review of quality randomized controlled trials on vitamin use concluded that “the use of high doses of vitamins A, E, D, C and folic acid does not always help prevent disease and in some cases can be harmful.” . said.

Not all vitamins are processed the same way. Some are water soluble, meaning they are quickly used by the body and the excess is excreted through urine rather than stored in the tissues. Therefore, they are less dangerous even when consumed in large quantities. Water-soluble vitamins include:

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However, this does not mean that it is safe to eat in unlimited quantities. For example, too much niacin (vitamin B3) can cause a red skin rash in some people, while too much vitamin B6 can cause numbness in the hands and feet.

In contrast, fat-soluble vitamins do not dissolve in water and are easily stored in the body. Because the body stores these vitamins in the liver and fat tissue, it is easier to accumulate dangerous amounts that can lead to hypervitaminosis (vitamin poisoning). The four fat-soluble vitamins are:

In addition to the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA), which indicates the amount of nutrients the body needs each day, there is also the Upper Tolerable Intake Level (UL), which indicates the maximum amount of nutrients that can cause harm. . to send Not all vitamins require this – for example, vitamin K has no obvious toxicity even at high doses, so there is no upper limit.

What Happens If You Take Vitamins On An Empty Stomach

However, this does not mean that the vitamins included in this bracket are safe in high doses. They can interact with certain medications or have adverse effects on people with health conditions. Therefore, it is better to follow general recommendations, unless recommended by a doctor.

Can You Take Expired Vitamins

Like vitamin K, some water-soluble vitamins are relatively harmless in high doses and have no specific upper limit. These include vitamin B1 (thiamine), vitamin B2 (riboflavin), vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid), vitamin B7 (biotin), and vitamin B12 (cobalamin).

However, upper limits are set for the following vitamins because of the potential for harm in high doses, also known as megadoses. This can be caused by an acute toxic dose – a very high dose taken as a single dose – or a chronic toxic dose, which is a high dose taken continuously over a long period of time:

Vitamin A toxicity occurs when there is too much vitamin A in the body. Symptoms can include nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, dizziness, nervousness, lethargy, headache, skin rash, increased intracranial pressure, coma, and even death. The upper limit for adults is 3000 mcg per day.

Common symptoms of vitamin B3 overdose include: severe flushing, dizziness, irregular heartbeat, itching, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, stomach pain, gout, diarrhea, vision loss, high blood sugar, and liver damage. adults is 35 mg per day.

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Symptoms of vitamin B6 toxicity include hyperesthesia, paresthesia, muscle weakness, numbness, loss of proprioception, skin lesions, sensitivity to light, nausea, and heartburn. The upper limit for adults is 100 mg per day.

Excessive consumption of vitamin B9 can cause abdominal pain, sleep disturbances, nervousness, digestive problems, confusion, nausea, behavioral changes, skin reactions, seizures, and more. A high intake of folic acid can also compensate for vitamin B12 deficiency. The upper limit for adults is 1000 mcg per day.

Consuming too much vitamin C can cause nausea, diarrhea and stomach cramps and increase the risk of kidney stones. Large amounts can be very dangerous for people with genetic diseases that cause excessive accumulation of iron in the body, as well as people with diabetes. The upper limit for adults is 2000 mg per day.

What Happens If You Take Vitamins On An Empty Stomach

The main result of vitamin D toxicity is an accumulation of calcium in the blood (hypercalcemia), which can cause nausea, vomiting, weakness, and possibly bone pain and kidney problems such as calcium stones. Other possible symptoms include weight loss, decreased appetite, and irregular heartbeat. The upper limit for adults is 100 mcg per day.

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Vitamin E is an anti-coagulant, so taking too much can thin the blood and cause fatal bleeding or interfere with blood clotting. It is also associated with an increased risk of hemorrhagic stroke. The upper limit for adults is 1,100 mg per day.

Aside from the potential health risks, supplementing with high-dose water-soluble vitamins is a waste of money because you’ll end up flushing the excess down the toilet.

Deaths related to vitamin poisoning have been reported, although very rarely. This usually happens when too much of a certain vitamin causes serious problems, such as organ damage and failure. These fatal effects are associated with excessive consumption.

For example, the recommended daily intake of vitamin A is 900 mcg for adults and 700 mcg for adult women. Hypervitaminosis A can occur as a result of large doses of vitamin A – 200 mg or more or during chronic use of more than 10 times the recommended daily limit.

Should You Be Taking Vitamins?

“Although most vitamins can be tolerated, side effects can occur with any drug,” said Dr. Lee. ‘Always check with your healthcare provider before taking any new tablets, including vitamin supplements, if you have a chronic condition or take regular medications. If you have symptoms of a severe allergic reaction after swallowing a vitamin tablet, you should seek emergency treatment immediately.’

The best way to get enough vitamins for most of us is to eat a varied and balanced diet. However, some groups have a higher risk than the general population and it is recommended that they use supplements. These include:

“Some nutritionists believe that if you eat a healthy diet, there is no need to take multivitamins, but certain vitamins can be helpful in certain situations,” said Dr. Lee. “A good example is the current advice to take vitamin D supplements during a pandemic.”

What Happens If You Take Vitamins On An Empty Stomach

It is important to note that some vitamins should be taken at the same time and some at different times, he continued. ‘For example, calcium and vitamin D are taken together, but calcium prevents iron from being absorbed from the gut, so calcium and iron must be taken at different times.’

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If you choose a vitamin supplement, choose one that does not exceed the recommended daily amount. If you take a multivitamin, there is no need to worry about taking too many vitamins, as they are safe to take, even when combined with fortified foods. Vitamin supplements should not be used as a substitute for a balanced diet.

Dr Roger Henderson Dr Roger Henderson is a senior GP, national medical columnist and medical director of LIVA Healthcare in the UK. He appears regularly on television and radio and has written several books. When you go to the grocery store or drug store, you probably pass rows and rows of vitamins, all offering different health benefits. From multivitamins for men and women to specific vitamins that focus on one main benefit, the options can be overwhelming, not to mention expensive.

So where to start? Are vitamins even necessary? What vitamins do you need above all other vitamins?

Think of your body as a working machine. Every day, your body makes skin, muscles, and bones, and your blood delivers nutrients and oxygen around the world.

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