What Does It Mean If You Have Blood And Protein In Your Urine

What Does It Mean If You Have Blood And Protein In Your Urine – You probably have at least some awareness of the dangers of blood clots. And if you have a strange pain or ache, it’s only natural to ask what a blood clot feels like.

Blood clots are a normal part of life – you have to stop bleeding after an injury. But sometimes blood clots form when they shouldn’t, and that can mean trouble — especially if they form in the deep veins near your muscles.

What Does It Mean If You Have Blood And Protein In Your Urine

What Does It Mean If You Have Blood And Protein In Your Urine

“When blood clots form in this deeper system, they can be painful and very dangerous,” says Luis Navarro, MD, founder of the Vein Treatment Center in New York City. This type of clot is called a deep vein thrombosis or DVT. They are like roadblocks on your blood highway, causing traffic in your circulation and preventing the blood flow that keeps your system going.

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Things can be even more serious if a DVT breaks from its original location and travels to your lungs. Then it becomes a pulmonary embolism, a clot that prevents these vital organs from getting the oxygen and blood they need. It can damage your lungs and other organs and can even be fatal.

Blood clots are more common than most people realize: 900,000 Americans develop blood clots each year and 100,000 people die from blood clots each year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Some people are more likely to develop DVT than others, so it’s worth keeping an eye on any risk factors. Also, “recognition of the symptoms of a blood clot is important, because they can often be minimal or overlooked,” and prompt treatment is the key, says Dr. Navarro. Here are the warning signs of a blood clot to look for, along with what a blood clot feels like, so you can act quickly if one strikes.

A swollen leg or arm is one of the most common signs of a DVT. “Blood clots can block the flow of blood in the legs, and the blood can collect behind the clots and cause swelling,” says Dr. Navarro.

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It is normal to miss leg swelling as a symptom of a DVT if you still have large or stiff legs when flying or during periods of immobility. But be suspicious if your swollen member comes quickly, especially if it presents itself with a side of pain.

Usually, DVT pain comes as a combination with other symptoms, such as swelling or redness, but sometimes it can be alone.

“Unfortunately, the pain of a blood clot can easily be confused with muscle cramps or exertion, which is why the problem is often not diagnosed and is particularly dangerous,” says Dr. Navarro.

What Does It Mean If You Have Blood And Protein In Your Urine

DVT pain tends to strike when you walk or when you lift your foot. If you have a charley that doesn’t seem to go away—especially if the nearby skin is warm or discolored—ask your doctor to take a look.

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While it’s true that a bruise is a type of blood clot, it’s not the type you need to worry about. You cannot see a DVT. You can see discoloration as a bruise, but it’s more likely to look red. DVT causes redness in the affected limb and makes your arm or leg feel warm to the touch.

A chest pain may remind you of a heart attack, but it could be a pulmonary embolism. “Both a PE and a heart attack have similar symptoms,” says Dr. Navarro. However, PE pain tends to be sharp and stabbing, and feels worse when you take a deep breath.

Heart attack pain often radiates from the upper parts of your body, such as the shoulders, jaw or neck. The biggest clue is in your breathing – PE pain keeps getting worse with every breath you take. However, if you need help right away, call 911.

A blood clot in the lung slows down your oxygen flow, and this can make you feel winded. “Often you can’t or can’t take the stairs. You feel bad,” says George P. Teitelbaum, M.D., interventional neuroradiologist and director of the Stroke and Aneurysm Center at Providence Saint John’s Health Center in Santa Monica, California.

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Can’t stop hacking? If you also have shortness of breath, a fast heartbeat, or chest pain, it could be a PE. “The cough will be dry, but sometimes people may cough up mucus and/or blood,” says Dr Navarro. If you are not sure, call your doctor or go directly to the emergency room.

When oxygen is low, your heart rate increases to try to compensate for the lack. If you feel a flutter in your chest and struggle to take a deep breath, your body may be sending an SOS that you have PE in your lungs, says Dr. Teitelbaum.

“For a small blood clot, the heart rate increases partly because of the pain in the chest, the shortness of breath, and the related anxiety that this causes,” says Lewis Nelson, MD, chairman of the department of emergency medicine at Rutgers New Jersey Medical School. There is also a release of chemicals from the lung tissue that leads to an increase in heart rate.

What Does It Mean If You Have Blood And Protein In Your Urine

If the clot is larger, it can cause a decrease in blood oxygen “and also changes in blood flow that lead to a compensatory increase in heart rate,” says Dr. Nelson.

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“This dizziness is partly due to chemicals released from the lungs, changes in blood oxygenation and blood pressure and heart rate,” says Dr. Nelson. “The brain is sensitive to changes in oxygen and changes in blood flow.”

Although this is not a very common symptom of a blood clot, it does happen quite a lot. A study published in the New England Journal of Medicine found that pulmonary embolisms accounted for about 17% of hospitalizations for fainting in the 560 elderly people studied.

Blood clots in the leg “are usually felt in the calf,” says Erin McNeely, MD, an internal medicine physician at Corewell Health.

There is a stiffness or even a ridge in the area [and] there can be redness and tenderness when you press on the calf, he says.

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“The most common symptoms a person may have are pain in the leg, swelling of the leg, or heat and redness in the affected leg,” says Joshua Kra, MD, assistant professor of medicine in the division of hematology/oncology at Rutgers New Jersey Medical School.

Symptoms are usually related to the size of the clot, says Dr. McNeely. “A small enough lump may not show any symptoms,” he points out. Another thing to consider, according to Dr. McNeely: “The lumps are almost always on one side; the symptoms on both sides are almost never related to blood clots.”

Dr. McNeely says that deep vein thrombosis in the arms is “much less common” than that in the legs, but they can happen. “There may be tenderness, swelling, redness and a scratchy sensation over the vein,” he says.

What Does It Mean If You Have Blood And Protein In Your Urine

Anyone can get a blood clot, but there are several factors and health conditions that can increase the risk of developing a blood clot, according to Medline Plus:

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“It depends on how sick you feel,” says Dr. Teitelbaum. If you’re short of breath and have no energy and that’s unusual for you, call 911 right away. “You need to go to the ER and get evaluated,” he says. But if you have tenderness or swelling in your legs and you’re not sure what’s happening, it’s a good idea to call your doctor about next steps.

Treatment usually includes blood-thinning medications, according to the American Heart Association (AHA). These can generally be divided into anticoagulants, which are tablets or injectables that help prevent blood clots, and thrombolytic therapy, which involves taking medicine to dissolve blood clots. It can be given through an arm vein or by inserting catheters into blood clots in the vein or lung. In more severe cases, you may need surgery.

Know that the treatment does not stop when the clot is gone. “If you have a blood clot, you may need to continue taking anticoagulants for several months afterward,” says Dr. Teitelbaum.

Sometimes blood clots do occur, but there are several things you can do to reduce the risk of experiencing one. According to Medline Plus, these include:

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Korin Miller is a freelance writer specializing in general wellness, sexual health and relationships, and lifestyle trends, with work appearing in Men’s Health, Women’s Health, Self, Glamor and more. He has a master’s degree from American University, lives by the beach and hopes to one day own a teacup pig and a taco truck.

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What Does It Mean If You Have Blood And Protein In Your Urine

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