What Does It Mean If Glucose Is Low

What Does It Mean If Glucose Is Low – Hypoglycemia is the medical term used when blood sugar levels fall below what is considered healthy (less than 70 mg/dL in adults). Since glucose is one of the main sources of energy in the body, hypoglycemia can be dangerous. Glucose is a sugar that is usually obtained from carbohydrate foods such as bread or fruit. After a meal, glucose is absorbed from the intestines into the blood. To use this glucose, the body produces insulin, a hormone that helps cells absorb glucose from the blood.

Literally hypoglycemia refers to low blood sugar levels: the prefix “hypo” means “below”, while “glycemia” means “blood glucose.”

What Does It Mean If Glucose Is Low

What Does It Mean If Glucose Is Low

Signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia include hunger, fatigue, trembling, sweating, pale skin, headache and dizziness. If hypoglycemia persists, these signs and symptoms may worsen, resulting in confusion, slurred speech, blurred vision, fainting, seizures, or even coma.

Many Diabetics Needlessly Test Blood Sugar At Home

Hypoglycemia is more common in diabetics as a side effect of taking too much insulin or diabetes medications; It can also be caused by eating less or exercising more than usual.

Hypoglycemia is less common among non-diabetics. When this happens, it can be due to prolonged fasting or inadequate food intake over a period of time. It can also be a side effect of certain drugs or alcohol, or it can be a sign of an underlying condition.

Hypoglycemia can be a side effect of several medications, including salicylates (eg, aspirin), beta-blockers (eg, propranolol), some antibiotics (eg, levofloxacin), some antifungals (eg, pentamidine), and antimalarial (eg quinine). ).

When blood sugar levels are low, especially when starving or fasting, the liver releases stored glucose to maintain healthy glucose levels. However, excessive alcohol consumption can prevent the liver from releasing this stored glucose, resulting in hypoglycemia.

Hypoglycemia (low Blood Glucose)

Hypoglycaemia can indicate an underlying condition, such as liver, kidney or heart disease. In addition, blood sugar is tightly regulated by the interaction of hormones such as cortisol, growth hormone, glucagon, and adrenaline. Therefore, hormonal imbalances can lead to hypoglycemia. Finally, hypoglycemia without an apparent cause may indicate the presence of an insulin-producing tumor. Insulinoma is a rare tumor of the pancreas that produces excess insulin, while other tumors such as mesenchymal tumors can produce insulin-like growth factor.

Reactive hypoglycaemia can occur in non-diabetics after eating a high-carbohydrate meal. This is probably because the body produces more insulin than it needs. Reactive hypoglycaemia may be a sign that you have prediabetes or are at risk of developing it.

Reactive hypoglycaemia can also be caused by dumping syndrome, which can result from gastric bypass surgery. In dumping syndrome, there is a rapid movement of food from the stomach to the small intestine, which can lead to an overproduction of insulin. However, because of this rapid movement of food, most food does not reach the bloodstream; As a result, excess production of insulin can lead to hypoglycemia.

What Does It Mean If Glucose Is Low

If you are diabetic, taking insulin or other diabetes medications and experiencing symptoms of hypoglycemia, it is important to check your blood sugar with a blood glucose meter. Blood glucose levels below 70 mg/dL confirm hypoglycemia, and levels below 54 mg/dL require immediate action to raise blood sugar.

Why Is My Blood Sugar Low After Eating?

To treat hypoglycemia, blood sugar levels must return to healthy levels. To achieve this, people are usually told to eat or drink 15 grams of fast-acting carbohydrates – common remedies include glucose tablets, a can of fruit juice, or a tablespoon of sugar or honey. Because these sugary foods and drinks do not contain any proteins or fats, it is easier for the body to process them. Then you should check your blood sugar levels again 15 minutes after eating at least 15 grams of carbohydrates.

If the blood glucose level is still less than 70 mg/dL after 15 minutes, the hypoglycemic person should eat or drink an additional 15 grams of fast-acting carbohydrates and recheck the glucose in the blood after another 15 minutes. This is usually called the 15-15 rule and is repeated until the blood sugar level exceeds 70 mg/dL. Once the person has recovered and is no longer hypoglycemic, eating a lighter meal or a heavier meal is usually beneficial.

Individuals with severe hypoglycemia may require assistance with recovery. If someone is unconscious and unable to eat, they may need a glucagon injection. In general, diabetics have a glucagon kit for emergencies. However, if a kit is not available, responders should call 911.

Various measures can be taken to prevent hypoglycemia from occurring. Individuals with diabetes or reactive hypoglycemia should try to include more complex carbohydrates in their diet. Examples of complex carbohydrates are whole grains, beans, and vegetables such as broccoli. Unlike simple carbohydrates (such as honey, sugar and fruit), complex carbohydrates take longer to break down, which helps keep blood sugar levels stable over a longer period of time. time.

Blood Sugar Levels: How Glucose Levels Affect Your Body?

If a diabetic suffers from recurrent episodes of hypoglycemia, the doctor may suggest changing, stopping or adjusting the dose of insulin or diabetes medications.

Hypoglycemia is defined as a blood sugar level less than 70 mg/dL. This occurs most commonly in diabetics as a side effect of treatment. However, it can also occur in non-diabetics due to certain medications, prolonged fasting, not eating enough, or an underlying condition. Symptoms include hunger, fatigue, tremors, sweating, headache, dizziness, confusion, slurred speech, blurred vision, fainting, seizures, or even coma. Hypoglycemia can be detected by checking blood sugar levels and should be treated immediately by replenishing the glucose with at least 15 grams of carbohydrates, usually glucose cereal, fruit juice fruit or sugary sweets. People who are unconscious may need an injection of glucagon. Finally, non-diabetics who experience hypoglycemia should consult a physician to determine possible underlying conditions.

Anno T, Kaneto H, Shigemoto R, Kawasaki F, Kawai Y, Urata N, Kawamoto H, Kaku K, Okimoto N (2018). Liver injury-induced hypoglycemia in the elderly with low body weight: case reports.

What Does It Mean If Glucose Is Low

Kalra S, Mukherjee J, Venkataraman S, Bantwal G, Sheikh S, Sabu B, Das A and Ramachandran A (2013). Hypoglycemia: a neglected complication.

Blood Sugar Level Emergency

Parekh TM, Raji M, Lin Y, et al. (2014). Hypoglycemia after prescribing antimicrobial drugs in elderly patients using sulfonylureas. Diabetes is a serious disease where blood sugar levels can get too high and need to be controlled.

However, some people with diabetes are also at risk of blood sugar levels swinging in the opposite direction and getting too low, leading to a dangerous condition called hypoglycaemia, which can lead to confusion, weakness, seizures, or death in severe cases.

According to a recent Mayo Clinic study, about 20 percent of people with diabetes suffer from overtreatment with medication or insulin, leading to thousands of hospital visits due to hypoglycemia.

Said Rosalina McCoy, MD, a Mayo Clinic endocrinologist and co-author of the new study.

How To Stabilize Your Blood Sugar

McCoy and her team at the Mayo Clinic noticed the disturbing trend and wanted to know more. They examined data on more than 10.2 million people with diabetes between 2011 and 2014 from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and the OptumLabs data warehouse and found that approximately 2.3 million people were overmedicated.

About 10,000 people in the study group experienced severe episodes of hypoglycemia associated with hypoglycemic treatment and required emergency room visits or were hospitalized.

We always thought that lower blood glucose levels were better and … prevented the complications of diabetes,” said Weill Cornell Medicine endocrinologist Rekha Kumar, who was not involved in this study.

What Does It Mean If Glucose Is Low

She said this study is an important reminder of the dangers of hypoglycemia as the diabetes epidemic continues.

Low Sugar And Pregnancy

About 30 million people in the United States have diabetes, and only three-quarters of them may know they have it, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Hypoglycemia can affect people with two types of diabetes: type 1, in which the body does not produce insulin, and type 2, in which the body produces some insulin but not enough. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about 95 percent of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes, which often begins in adulthood and can be related to lifestyle.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, normal blood glucose levels are between 80 and 120 mg/dL before meals and less than 180 mg/dL within a few hours after the meal. -food. Hypoglycemia is defined as a drop in blood sugar levels below 70 mg/dL.

Diabetes treatment plans are developed based on certain criteria, and doctors have protocols to assess whether patients are on the right track.

What Does Hyperglycemia And Hypoglycemia Mean?

The vast majority of people with diabetes are untreated. Indeed, due to the current lack of available insulin, many people cannot be treated adequately. Scientists project that the amount of insulin needed to treat diabetes is expected to increase by more than 20 percent from 2018 to 2030, limiting access to the 40 million people who they probably need it.

However, it is not uncommon for standard diabetes treatment to be too aggressive for some people

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