What Does It Mean If Blood Is In Your Urine – Medical Review: Valinda Riggins Nwadike, MD, MPH – Jamie Eske – Updated April 14, 2023
The color of a person’s menstrual blood can indicate various health conditions. For example, orange or gray blood may indicate a vaginal infection, while dark brown or red blood may be an early sign of pregnancy.
What Does It Mean If Blood Is In Your Urine
During menstruation, the body excretes tissue and blood from the uterus through the vagina. This bloody discharge can range from bright red to dark brown or black, depending on age.
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Blood left in the uterus long enough will react with oxygen (oxidation). Blood that is already oxidized looks darker.
In this article, we provide a menstrual blood chart and discuss what the different colors of menstrual blood can mean. We’ll also discuss color changes during your period, what clots mean, and when you should see your doctor.
Black blood can appear at the beginning or end of your period. The color is usually a sign of old blood or blood that has taken longer to leave the uterus and had time to oxidize, first turning brown or dark red and then black.
Sometimes black blood can also block a person’s vision. Other symptoms of vaginal obstruction include:
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Like black blood, brown or dark red blood is a sign of old blood and can appear at the beginning or end of your period. Brown or dark red blood does not oxidize as long as black blood and can take many shades.
Sometimes brown blood or spotting can be an early sign of pregnancy, which doctors call implantation bleeding.
Brown discharge or spotting during pregnancy may indicate a miscarriage or an ectopic pregnancy, which is when a fertilized egg implants in the fallopian tube instead of the uterus.
It is important for women who experience vaginal spotting or bleeding during pregnancy to talk to their doctor or midwife.
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Dark red or brown vaginal discharge that occurs after childbirth is called lochia bleeding or postpartum bleeding. Lochia is nothing to worry about and is the body’s way of expelling excess blood and tissue from the uterus.
Lochia usually starts with bright red blood and then changes to a darker shade as the flow subsides. Over time, the discharge will become lighter in both color and quantity.
The duration of lochia varies from person to person, but it usually disappears within the first few months after birth. Women who experience heavy bleeding after giving birth should consult their doctor.
Not all women experience lochia after giving birth. Women may also experience irregular periods after childbirth due to changes in hormone levels.
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Bright red blood indicates fresh blood and steady flow. The period may start with bright red bleeding and it darkens towards the end of the period. Some people may find that their blood stays bright red throughout their period.
Spotting or unusual bleeding between menstrual cycles may be a sign of a sexually transmitted infection such as chlamydia or gonorrhea. Growths in the lining of the uterus, called polyps or fibroids, can cause unusual, heavy bleeding.
The use of hormonal contraceptives can lower estrogen levels in the body, which can result in a lighter, pinker discharge during menstruation.
Intercourse can cause small tears in the vagina or cervix. The blood from these tears can mix with the vaginal fluids and leave the person’s body as a pink discharge.
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During pregnancy, there may be a pink discharge that contains tissue and occurs with miscarriage contractions. It is important that women who experience vaginal bleeding during pregnancy see their doctor or midwife.
Orange blood or discharge often indicates an infection, such as bacterial vaginosis or trichomoniasis. People with orange blood should look for other symptoms such as vaginal itching, discomfort, and foul-smelling discharge.
Although orange blood or periodic discharge does not always indicate an infection, it is a good idea for a person to see a doctor or gynecologist for an evaluation.
Gray discharge is often a sign of bacterial vaginosis, a condition caused by an imbalance between beneficial and harmful bacteria in the vagina.
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People with symptoms of bacterial vaginosis should see a doctor or gynecologist. Doctors often prescribe antibiotics to treat bacterial vaginosis.
In the later stages of pregnancy, gray discharge containing clots may indicate a miscarriage. Women who have bleeding during pregnancy should see their doctor or midwife.
Hormonal changes, as well as diet, lifestyle, age and environment can cause menstrual blood fluctuations.
Menstrual blood can range in color from bright red to dark brown, depending on changes in flow. Infections, pregnancy, and in rare cases, abnormal blood color or irregular bleeding can cause cervical cancer.
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A person should see a doctor if they have bleeding that requires a tampon or change of pad after less than 2 hours.
Healthy menstrual blood may contain visible parts of the uterine lining. These small pieces of tissue or blood are not a cause for concern.
Menorrhagia occurs when a person has unusually heavy menstrual bleeding or periods that last more than 7 days.
Any pregnant woman who notices unusual bleeding or vaginal discharge should talk to her doctor or midwife.
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However, every menstrual period is different, and the color and consistency of the blood can change from period to month and from month to month. Therefore, it is important for people to learn what is normal for them.
Healthy menstrual blood is usually light red to dark brown or black. Orange or gray blood or discharge may indicate infection. Women who experience bleeding during pregnancy should see their doctor or midwife for evaluation.
Medical News Today has strict sourcing guidelines and relies entirely on peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions, and medical journals and societies. We avoid using tertiary references. We compile primary sources, including research, scientific references, and statistics, in each article, and list them in the resources section at the bottom of our article. You can learn more about how we ensure our content is accurate and up-to-date by reading our editorial policies. Coughing up blood (haemoptysis) involves coughing up or spitting up blood mixed with mucus or saliva. It can have many causes, most of which are not serious. However, contact your healthcare professional immediately if you cough up a lot of blood, if your cough gets worse, or if you have additional symptoms such as chest pain, blood in your urine or stools, or fever.
Coughing up blood is coughing up or spitting up blood or bloody mucus from the lower respiratory tract (lungs and throat). Also known as haemoptysis (pronounced “he-MOP-tih-sis”), coughing up blood is common and can have many causes. Most reasons are not serious. However, you may need to visit the emergency room immediately if you are coughing up large amounts of blood.
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The blood you cough up often looks cloudy or foamy and mixed with mucus or saliva. It may appear pink, red, or rusty, and is usually found in small amounts.
Coughing up blood (haemoptysis) is not the same as vomiting blood (haematosis). Coughing up blood usually looks like blood smear saliva mixed with mucus. Blood flows from the throat or mouth. Vomiting blood means spitting up a large amount of blood. It is usually associated with internal bleeding from the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
Can. It all depends on the cause of the blood loss and the amount of blood loss. Most of the causes are not serious and can be treated. Still, coughing up blood can be a sign of a serious medical condition, such as a serious infection or lung cancer. Losing too much blood at one time can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention.
Only a healthcare professional can determine the severity of your condition. If you are coughing up large amounts of blood or your condition is not improving, see your doctor.
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The causes range from mild (the most common) to severe and life-threatening. Infection is usually associated with coughing up blood. The most common reasons include:
Your healthcare provider will review your medical history, perform a physical exam, and ask questions to determine what is causing you to cough up blood. They may ask:
Your health care provider may also ask about behaviors that put you at risk, such as drug use or smoking. They may try to identify possible causes by asking questions about your other symptoms.
Your provider may perform additional procedures or order other tests depending on how he or she suspects the cause of your coughing up blood.
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If you experience severe blood loss, you will receive care in an intensive care unit (ICU). Your care team will work to stabilize and stop the bleeding before diagnosing the cause of the blood loss.
After you determine the cause of your coughing up blood, your health care provider will discuss the best treatment plan to address your symptoms and underlying condition.
Coughing up blood can be a sign of serious illness. Seek emergency help if you are coughing up large amounts of blood.
If you have been coughing up small amounts of blood for more than a week, make an appointment with your doctor. They will determine what is causing the haemoptysis and provide the necessary treatment.
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Get medical attention immediately if you cough more than a few times
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