How To Tell If Someone Has Hiv

How To Tell If Someone Has Hiv – Medical Review by Cameron White, MD, MPH – Anne Pietrangelo and Christine Cerny – Updated June 30, 2023

HIV destroys CD4 cells, which are responsible for keeping people healthy and protecting them from disease and infection. Signs and symptoms may develop as HIV gradually weakens the body’s natural defenses.

How To Tell If Someone Has Hiv

How To Tell If Someone Has Hiv

HIV usually targets cell types that fight off invaders like HIV. When the virus replicates, it damages or destroys the infected CD4 cells and produces more virus to infect the CD4 cells. CD4 cells are also called T cells or helper cells.

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Without treatment, this cycle can continue until the immune system is severely weakened, putting the person at risk of serious illness and infection.

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is the final stage of HIV. During this period, the immune system is significantly weakened and the risk of contracting opportunistic infections is high.

However, not everyone with HIV will develop AIDS. The earlier a person receives treatment, the better the outcome.

The immune system protects the body from disease and infection. White blood cells protect the body from viruses, bacteria, and other organisms that cause disease.

Life Expectancy For People Living With Hiv

A few days after being infected, people with HIV may experience a flu-like illness that lasts for several weeks. This is associated with the first stage of HIV, known as the acute stage of infection or acute HIV.

HIV-positive people may not have many serious symptoms during this period, but they often have large amounts of the virus in their blood because the virus multiplies rapidly.

The next stage is called the chronic infection stage. It can last up to 10-15 years. HIV-positive people may or may not have signs or symptoms during this period.

How To Tell If Someone Has Hiv

Another possible complication of Kaposi’s sarcoma is cancer of the blood vessel walls. This condition is rare in the general population, but is more common in people with advanced HIV infection.

Hiv Skin Lesions: Pictures, Types, Causes, And Treatments

Symptoms include red or dark purple sores in the mouth and on the skin. It can also cause problems with the lungs, digestive tract and other internal organs.

HIV and AIDS increase a person’s risk of developing lymphoma. An early symptom of lymphoma is swelling of the lymph nodes.

HIV makes it harder for people to fight off respiratory illnesses like colds and flu. In turn, HIV-positive people may develop associated infections such as pneumonia.

If HIV is not treated, advanced disease puts HIV-positive people at increased risk of infectious complications such as tuberculosis and a fungal infection called Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP).

Signs And Symptoms Of Hiv Infection In Men

HIV also increases the risk of lung cancer. This is due to weakened lungs due to many respiratory problems associated with a weakened immune system.

High blood pressure is common in people living with HIV. HIV also increases the risk of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). PAH is high blood pressure in the arteries that supply blood to the lungs. Over time, PAH puts stress on the heart and can lead to heart failure.

Tuberculosis is an airborne bacterium that affects the lungs. It is the main cause of death of AIDS patients. Symptoms include chest pain and a severe cough that may contain blood or sputum. The cough may last for several months.

How To Tell If Someone Has Hiv

Because HIV affects the immune system, it makes the body vulnerable to infections that affect the digestive system.

What Advice Would You Give To Someone Living With Hiv?

Digestive problems also reduce appetite, making it difficult to eat normally. Therefore, weight loss is a common side effect of HIV.

A common infection associated with HIV is oral thrush, a fungal infection that causes inflammation and white patches on the tongue and inside the mouth.

Another viral infection that affects the oral cavity is oral leukoplakia, which causes white lesions on the tongue.

Salmonella infection is spread through contaminated food or water and causes diarrhea, abdominal pain, and vomiting. can be anyone

Hiv And Aids

This infection affects the bile ducts and intestines and can be particularly severe. Causes chronic diarrhea in AIDS patients.

Although HIV does not usually infect nerve cells directly, it can infect cells that support and surround nerves in the brain and throughout the body.

Although the link between HIV and nerve damage is not fully understood, infected mast cells may contribute to nerve damage.

How To Tell If Someone Has Hiv

Advanced HIV can cause nerve damage, also known as neuropathy. This often causes pain and numbness in the feet and hands.

Ways To Recognize Hiv Symptoms

Small holes in the sheath of peripheral nerve fibers cause pain, weakness and difficulty walking. This condition is called vacuolar myelopathy.

AIDS has significant neurological complications. HIV and AIDS can lead to HIV-related dementia, a disease that severely affects cognitive function.

A weakened immune system puts people with AIDS at increased risk of inflammation of the brain and spinal cord from the parasite. Symptoms include confusion, headache, and seizures. Some infections of the nervous system can also cause seizures.

In very severe cases, hallucinations and pronounced psychosis may occur. Some people may experience headaches, balance or coordination problems, and vision problems.

Signs Of Hiv To Know

A weak immune response makes a person more susceptible to infections from viruses such as herpes. Herpes can cause sores in a person’s mouth or around the genitals.

HIV also increases a person’s risk of developing shingles. Shingles is caused by reactivation of the herpes zoster virus (the virus that infects people with chicken pox). This condition usually causes a rash with blisters.

A viral skin infection called Molluscum contagiosum causes rashes on the skin. Another condition called prurigo nodularis causes skin wrinkling and severe itching.

How To Tell If Someone Has Hiv

HIV can cause a variety of symptoms, from mild flu-like symptoms in the early stages to neurological symptoms as the disease progresses to AIDS.

Fast Facts About Hiv

Many of the effects described above are associated with permanent damage to the immune system during the development of HIV and AIDS.

However, most of these effects can be prevented by antiretroviral therapy, which protects and restores the immune system.

A health care provider may recommend other treatments, such as blood pressure medications or skin creams, to reverse the effects of HIV and AIDS on other systems in the body.

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Stages Of Hiv Infection

Our experts regularly monitor the health and wellness space and update our articles as new information becomes available. Medically reviewed by Avi Varma, MD, MPH, AAHIVS, FAAFP – via Zawn Villines – Updated November 18, 2022

A rash can be an early symptom of HIV, but HIV increases the risk of developing different types of rashes.

People who develop a rash and think they may be infected with HIV should see a doctor. If HIV infection is present, treatment can help control it effectively.

How To Tell If Someone Has Hiv

HIV can be spread from person to person through contact with body fluids. These include blood, semen, rectal and vaginal fluids, breast milk.

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A person can get HIV if they have sex or share needles with someone who has the virus.

In this article, you will learn what causes HIV-related rashes, what they look like, and what to do if you do.

No rash is unique to HIV. Because HIV involves changes in the immune system, it can cause a variety of skin reactions.

However, in the early stages of the rash, fair-skinned people usually appear flushed, discolored, or flushed, while dark-skinned people appear dark purple. The spots may be smooth and slightly itchy.

The Most Common Myths About Hiv: Debunked

A rash may be an early symptom of HIV, a result of seroconversion. This is the acute or early stage of HIV and usually occurs 2-4 weeks after exposure to the virus.

During seroconversion or the acute phase of HIV, the body produces antibodies against the virus. Between half and 80-90% of people infected with HIV experience flu-like symptoms during this period, and some may develop a rash.

Sometimes a rash is the only symptom of HIV, but as HIV affects the immune system, other symptoms are common.

How To Tell If Someone Has Hiv

If the rash is a symptom of the acute phase of HIV, it usually disappears as the immune system produces antibodies to HIV.

What Is The Hiv Window Period?

After that, however, if a person does not take medication to fight HIV, they may develop a rash and further skin problems. Because HIV weakens the immune system.

Viruses, fungi, bacteria, parasites and other causes can cause a rash when the immune system is compromised.

A rash during seroconversion usually resolves without intervention, but other types of rash may develop later.

Other rashes may develop over time due to conditions such as herpes and psoriasis. In people with these disorders, symptoms often improve or disappear for a while, but then return.

Hiv Joint Pain Singapore

The severity of each condition is different, but partly related

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