How Much Does Mars Weigh In Pounds

How Much Does Mars Weigh In Pounds – Mars is one of our closest planetary neighbors, but how much do we know about it? We’ve discovered a lot about Mars over the past few decades through landers, rovers and orbiter missions. We’ve made it our mission to collect interesting facts about Mars by exploring what scientists have discovered about Mars’ climate, possible life on Mars, Mars’ moons, water on Mars, history of Mars, and more. Strap in and buckle up, this is the time to discuss Mars data!

1. Mars is 4,220 miles in diameter. ( source ) That makes it just under half the size of Earth, which has a diameter of 7,926 miles.

How Much Does Mars Weigh In Pounds

How Much Does Mars Weigh In Pounds

2. Mars’ gravity is 0.375 of Earth’s. ( source ) This means that if you weighed 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh about 38 pounds on Mars.

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3. You can jump three times higher on Mars than on Earth. (source) This is due to Mars’ weak center of gravity as mentioned above.

4. Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second largest planet in our solar system. (source) At about 141.5 million miles from the Sun, it takes 13 minutes for sunlight to reach Mars. Compare that to about 8 minutes to reach Earth.

5. Mars has two moons named Phobos and Deimos. (source) There is much debate about where they came from. Some believe that Mars’ gravity pulled them out of the asteroid belt. The moons of Mars are the smallest moons in the solar system. The larger of the two, Phobos, orbits just 3,700 miles from the surface of Mars, the closest moon of any other solar system. Earth’s moon is 238,900 miles away. Phobos is predicted to collide with Mars in another 30 million years.

6. Mars has 687 Earth days in a year. (source) Mars takes time to complete one full orbit around the Sun. Mars and Earth have the same tilt on their axis, so their days are close together.

Life On Mars

7. Currently, two rovers (Curiosity and Persistence), a lander (Insight) and a helicopter (Intelligence) are exploring the ground on Mars. ( source ) The Endurance Rover is the largest and most advanced rover NASA has sent to another planet, landing on February 18, 2021, after a 203-day journey of more than 293 million miles. You can learn more about the Endurance Probe via NASA’s dedicated blog.

8. Mars is a dusty, cold, desert-like world with a thin atmosphere. ( Source ) Seasons, polar ice caps, extinct volcanoes, canyons, and evidence of a more dynamic and active planet in the past.

9. The average temperature on Mars is about -81°F. (source) Temperatures range from -220°F in winter at the poles to 70°F in summer at low latitudes.

How Much Does Mars Weigh In Pounds

10. The atmosphere of Mars consists of about 96% carbon dioxide. ( source ) There are also traces of argon, nitrogen, oxygen, and water vapor. Can we breathe on Mars? No! Mars does not have enough oxygen for humans to breathe.

Msr (mars Sample Return)

11. Mars is prone to massive dust storms that can engulf the entire planet. (source) In January 2022, a dust storm twice the size of the United States forced NASA’s Mars missions to shut down until it died down. Recent research suggests that these dust storms are caused by dramatic thermal imbalances between seasons and even day and night.

12. Mars once had oceans and a dense atmosphere that dried up 3 billion years ago. (source) Earth’s oceans are responsible for maintaining climate balance, so many scientists think that Mars could be a foreshadowing of what will happen to Earth if it warms.

13. Rheology is the scientific study of the geology of Mars. ( source ) It derives from the Greek god Ares, who the Romans called Mars. Ares is the god of war and courage.

14. The geologic history of Mars is divided into three periods, named after each region: Noachian, Hesperian, and Amazonian. ( source ) There is also a pre-Noachian period that lasted from 4.5 to 4.1 billion years ago, the earliest period in Mars’ history. Not much is known at this time, but scientists believe that Mars was heavily bombarded. This creates two separate halves of the planet, the rugged southern highlands and the flat northern plains.

This Is How Much You’d Weigh On Mars

15. The distinctive rust color that Mars is known for comes from iron-rich minerals in its regolith, or the loose dust and rock that covers the surface. ( source ) Earth’s soil is also a type of regolith, albeit rich in organic matter. Seabed iron minerals oxidize, producing a red color.

16. Mars has the highest mountains and volcanoes in the solar system. (source) At about 16 miles high, Olympus Mons is three times the height of Mount Everest. At 374 miles in diameter, it covers about the same land area as the US state of Arizona. Martian volcanoes can get this size because there is no plate tectonics to pull them out of hot spots, which allows them to remain in active volcanic areas and grow larger.

17. Like other terrestrial planets, Mars has a crust, a mantle and a core. ( source ) Although precise measurements have not yet been achieved, scientists have predicted the depth of Valles Marineris. Valles Marineris has a huge canyon system that stretches 2,500 miles across the Martian equator (making it long enough to cross the United States)! The crust of Mars is estimated to be 20 to 45 miles thick. It is much thicker than the Earth’s crust, from 9 miles to 12 miles.

How Much Does Mars Weigh In Pounds

18. Valles Marineris is the largest canyon system in our solar system. ( source ) It is 10 times longer, 20 times wider and five times deeper than the Grand Canyon!

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19. Pieces of Mars can be seen at the American Museum of Natural History in New York (source) They come from the Nakhla meteorite that hit Egypt in 1911. It was the first meteorite to show signs of aqueous processes on Mars.

20. Mars has a 620-mile-long dark patch called Syrtis Major Planum. (source) Dark color due to basaltic igneous rock and relative lack of dust.

21. Mars formed at the same time as our solar system, 4.6 billion years ago. (source) The rocky terrestrial planets—Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars—formed inside the solar system’s hot inner ring, where metals and silicates were concentrated. Because most of the gas and ice in the Solar System cannot exist as solids at the high temperatures near the Sun, planets form there through collisions, breakups, and mergers of heavy matter.

22. The ancient Romans called Mars their god of war. ( source ) They discovered that the color red resembles blood. Other civilizations also had names for Mara’s red color. The Babylonians called Mars “Nergal”, the god of war, death and disease. The Egyptians called Mars “Har Decher”, which translates as “red head”. In Hebrew it is “ma’dim” which translates to “the one who cherishes”.

Fun Mars Facts For Kids

23. In 1609, Galileo Galilei was the first person to observe Mars with a primitive telescope. (source) He was the first person to use a telescope for astronomical purposes.

24. Mars was once believed to have intelligent life. ( source ) In 1877, astronomer Giovanni Virginio Schiaparelli discovered canals on Mars, which he called “canals.” “Kanal” means channel, but was mistranslated as “channel”, leading humans to believe they were created by intelligent life. In 1894, astronomer Percival Lowell “confirmed” this when he observed Mars from his personal observatory. He said the straight lines were canals built by Martians to transport water from the polar caps. Modern mapping has confirmed that these “channels” were nothing more than optical illusions.

25. The first photograph of Mars was taken in July 1976. ( source ) It was taken by Viking 1, the first spacecraft to successfully land on Mars.

How Much Does Mars Weigh In Pounds

26. Mars Pathfinder is the first robotic rover to land on Mars. ( source ) Mars Pathfinder launched on December 4, 1996 and landed on July 4, 1997. It found rounded pebbles and other surface features that indicate the presence of flowing water in the past Airborne dust has also been found to be magnetic.

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27. 48 missions have been launched to Mars since 1960. ( source ) Only half succeed. He operated on Mars’ Crais Planitia (a smooth circular island in the northern hemisphere) for over 6 years and collected the first Martian soil samples using a robotic arm and a specialized biological laboratory. Although no signs of life were found as planned, it helped characterize Mars as a cold planet with volcanic soil, a thin, dry carbon monoxide atmosphere, and grim evidence of ancient riverbeds and widespread flooding.

28. Recent discoveries support the existence of liquid water below

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