How Much Does An African Elephant Weigh

How Much Does An African Elephant Weigh – Being the largest of all land animals living in the world today, elephants are heavy and hungry land animals.

On average, the African bush elephant weighs about 14,000 pounds (6,350 kg) or 7 tons.

How Much Does An African Elephant Weigh

How Much Does An African Elephant Weigh

Asian elephants are slightly smaller than their African counterparts. But they still weigh between 5,000 and 11,000 pounds (2,267 to 4,989 kg) in most cases. It’s a big animal, that’s for sure!

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African elephant calves typically weigh between 90 and 136 kg (200 and 300 lb) at birth. Asian and Indian elephants weigh slightly less.

On average, the largest adult male elephants eat 250 to 300 pounds (113 to 136 kg) of food per day.

Some have been known to eat up to 500 pounds (226 kg) of food, or more, in the wild. They can eat up to 16 hours a day.

The elephants you see at the zoo consume 4-5 bales of hay every day to accompany other grains.

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An elephant defecates 10 to 15 times a day, which equates to about 250 pounds (113 kg) of waste per day.

Elephants are actually very good swimmers (like many other mammals). They do not tire easily and have been known to swim for more than 6 hours at a time.

Did you know The largest elephant on record weighed 24,000 pounds (10,886 kg) and stood 13 feet (3.96 meters) tall at the shoulder! To put this into perspective, it would take 120 men weighing an average of 200 pounds to weigh the same. How much does an elephant weigh? Elephants, the world’s largest land mammals, can be divided into two different genera, which separate the Asian and African elephants. The genus Elaphas corresponds to Asian elephants and includes four different subspecies. The genus Loxodonta includes two different species of African elephants. Because different species are adapted to different environmental conditions, they vary in size and, consequently, in weight. In general, the African elephant is larger than the Asian elephant.

How Much Does An African Elephant Weigh

The Asian elephant species is divided into four subspecies, spread over four different geographic locations. The subspecies, the Sri Lankan elephant (E. m. maximus) occurs in Sri Lanka, the Sumatran elephant (E. m. sumatranus) on Sumatra, the Indian elephant (E. m. indicus) throughout mainland Asia, and the Bornean pygmy elephant (E. m. borneensis) on Sumatra. Asian elephants typically live from sea level to 3,000 meters above sea level in dry broadleaf forests, swamps and grasslands, and thorn scrub jungles (Macdonald 2010).

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Among the subspecies, the largest is known to be the Indian elephant, and the smallest is the Borneo pygmy elephant (Sukumar et al. 1988, Sukumar 2006). Different height and weight measurements of all the different subspecies are not available, but averages are available for the three largest subspecies, the Sri Lankan, Sumatran and Indian elephant, as well as indications of weight measurements for the Borneo pygmy elephant. The three largest subspecies of Asian elephant have shoulder heights of about 2.5–3 meters (8.2–9.8 ft), while the shoulder height of the Bornean pygmy elephant is significantly lower. Living for about 60 years, the Asian elephant eats 75 to 150 kg (165 to 330 lb) of vegetation each day.

Not all male Asian elephants have tusks. Some males have smaller, inward-facing fangs, called fangs, that protrude only about 5 centimeters (0.16 ft) from the mouth. As a rule, the female Asian elephant does not have tusks, but buttocks. Some female and male Asian elephants have none. Previous research suggests that tusked individuals generally do not grow as tall as tusked individuals, but tusked individuals are the tallest (Kurt & Kumarasinghe 1998).

A male Asian elephant weighs an average of 5 tons (11,000 pounds), varying among individuals and subspecies from 3.5 to 6 tons (7,700 to 13,200 pounds) (Kurt & Kumarasinghe 1998, Macdonald 2010, NatGeo

A female Asian elephant weighs an average of 2.7 tons (about 6,000 pounds), varying among subspecies from 2 to 3.5 tons (4,400 to 7,700 pounds) (Kurt & Kumarasinghe 1998, NatGeo

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A baby Asian elephant, often called a calf, weighs an average of about 100 kg (220 pounds) at birth (NatGeo

, McDonalds 2010). Calves grow rapidly in their first year, gaining about 1 kg (2.2 lb) per day. From the age of two, male calves grow faster than female calves (Sukumar et al. 1988).

The less aggressive and genetically distinct subspecies is much smaller than its Asian cousins ​​and is recognizable by its almost infantile appearance (Fernando et al. 2003, WWF NatGeo a). In fact, the subspecies consists of the smallest living elephants, about 3 feet (90 centimeters) shorter than other Asian elephant subspecies.

How Much Does An African Elephant Weigh

Male pygmy elephants in Borneo typically grow no taller than 2.3 meters (7.5 ft) and weigh no more than 3 tons (6,600 lb) (Stüwe 2006).

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The average weight of a female Borneo pygmy elephant is probably less than the average weight of a male, but no weight data is available.

There are two different species of African elephants, the greater bush elephant (Loxodonta africana) and the lesser forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis) (Roca, Georgidas, O’Brian 2005). The savannah elephant usually lives in sub-Saharan Africa, in grasslands, forests, and savannah thickets. The forest elephant lives in central and western Africa in dense lowland jungle (Macdonald 2010).

With a shoulder height of about 3.3 meters (10.8 ft) for males and 2.7 meters (8.9 ft) for females, the savanna elephant is much larger than the forest elephant, with males averaging 2.2 meters (7.2 ft) and females about 2 meters (6.6 ft) tall (N).

Living for about 70 years, an adult African elephant drinks about 200 liters (50 gallons) of water and consumes 100 to 150 kg (220 to 330 pounds) per day, which is equivalent to about 70,000 calories (NatGeo).

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). In African elephants, both males and females have tusks. The tusks reach about 5 feet (1.8 meters) in length and each weighs about 50 pounds (23 kg) (NatGeo

). An African elephant’s trunk can weigh up to 300 pounds (140 kg) and contains about 100,000 muscles (NatGeo

, Stuart and Stuart 2006). The heaviest male elephant on record weighed 11 tons (about 24,000 pounds) and was nearly 4 meters (about 13 feet) tall (NatGeo

How Much Does An African Elephant Weigh

The average weight of a female savannah elephant is about 3.1 tons (about 7,000 pounds), with data ranging from 2.7 to 3.6 tons (about 6,000 to 8,000 pounds) (Macdonald 2010, NatGeo).

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The average bush elephant calf weighs about 110 kg (240 lbs). Weight data range from 90 kg to 120 kg (about 200 to 270 pounds) (Macdonald 2010, NatGeo

). Like the Asian elephant, calves grow rapidly, gaining an average of 1 kg (2.2 lb) in weight each day during their first year (Macdonald 2010).

Compared to the savannah elephant, the forest elephant is smaller and therefore weighs less. The average weight of male and female forest elephants is estimated to be around 2.3 tons (5,000 pounds) (NatGeo

Weight data for the average weight of a male forest elephant is estimated at 3 tons, with data ranging from 2.8 to 3.2 tons (about 6,200 to 7,000 pounds) (Stuart & Stuart 2006).

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The average weight of a female forest elephant ranges from 1.8 to 2.5 tonnes (4,000 to 5,500 lb) (Stuart & Stuart 2006).

There is no weight data available specifically for forest elephant calves, but it may be similar to other elephant calf weight data.

Fernando P, Vidya TNC, Payne J, Stuewe M, Davison G et al. (2003) DNA analysis indicates that Asian elephants are native to Borneo and therefore of high priority for conservation. PLoS Biology, 1: 110-115.

How Much Does An African Elephant Weigh

Kurt F, Kumarasinghe J (1998) Observations on body growth and phenotypes in the Asian elephant Elephas maximus. Acta Theriologica, 43, 5: 135-153.

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Roca AL, Georgidas N, O’Brian SJ (2005) Cytonuclear genomic dissociation in African elephant species. Genetics of Nature, 37, 1: 96-100.

Sukumar R (2006) A brief review of the status, distribution and biology of wild Asian elephants. Zoological Society of London, 40: 1-8.

Sukumar R, Joshi NV, Krishnamurthy V (1988) Breeding of the Asian elephant. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences (Animal Sciences) 97: 561-571.

Tags asian elephant african elephant elephant care elephant elephas maximus cow wild bull protection trunk forest habitat loxodonta africana ivory large herd land savannah mammal

African Elephant Facts

Log in again. The login page will open in a new tab. Once you have logged in, you can log out and return to this page. The African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana), also known as the African bush elephant, is one of two extant species of African elephant and one of three extant species of elephant. It is the largest living land animal, with bulls reaching a shoulder height of up to 3.96 m (13 ft 0 in) and a body mass of up to 10.4 t (11.5 short tons).

It is distributed in 37 African countries and lives in forests,

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