How Do You Know Your Kidneys Are Failing – Kidney disease means that the kidneys do not work properly and begin to lose their function. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) gets worse over time. High blood pressure and diabetes are the two most common causes of CKD. There is no cure for chronic kidney disease, but steps can be taken to keep it functioning for as long as possible. End-stage renal failure requires dialysis or a kidney transplant.
Chronic kidney disease occurs when the kidneys stop filtering flood waste. You may have noticeable symptoms such as bubbling urine, more tiredness, or itchy skin.
How Do You Know Your Kidneys Are Failing
Chronic kidney disease (CKD and CKD) means that the kidneys are damaged and don’t work as they should. Your kidneys are like a filter in your body – they filter waste, toxins and extra water from your blood. They also help with other functions such as bone and red blood cell health. When your kidneys start to fail, they can’t filter out waste, which means waste builds up in your blood.
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Kidney disease is called “chronic” because kidney function slowly deteriorates over time. CKD can lead to kidney failure, also called end-stage renal disease. Not everyone with CKD will develop kidney failure, but without treatment, the disease often gets worse. There is no cure for chronic kidney disease. But there are steps you can take to slow down kidney damage. Treatments such as dialysis and transplantation are treatment options for kidney failure (extreme kidney failure).
You have two kidneys. These are bean-shaped organs located in the back, on either side of the spine, just below the chest. Each kidney is about the size of a fist.
Your kidneys have many jobs, but their main job is to clean your blood, get rid of toxins, waste, and excess water such as urine (urine). The kidneys also balance the amount of electrolytes (such as salt and potassium) and minerals in the body, produce hormones that control blood pressure, produce red blood cells, and keep bones strong. If your kidneys are damaged and not working as they should, waste products can build up in your blood and cause disease.
There are five stages of chronic kidney disease. The stages depend on how well your kidneys are able to filter waste from your blood. Blood and urine tests determine what stage of CKD you are in.
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Stages range from very mild (stage 1) to kidney failure (stage 5). Healthcare professionals determine kidney function by glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Your GFR is a number based on the amount of creatinine, a waste product, in your blood.
Your kidneys don’t work as well as they should and have mild to moderate damage. This is the most common stage. Symptoms may occur at this stage.
Your kidneys are moderately damaged and not working as they should. With proper treatment, many people can stay in this stage and never progress to stage 4.
Your kidneys are very close to failure or have stopped working. You may need dialysis or a kidney transplant at this stage.
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About 15% of adults in the United States suffer from chronic kidney disease. About 37 million people in the United States live with chronic kidney disease.
In the early stages of kidney disease, there are usually no obvious symptoms. As the disease progresses, symptoms may include:
Remember, it can take years for waste products to build up in the blood and cause symptoms.
You usually have no symptoms of kidney disease, especially in the early stages. When you start having symptoms, the first sign that something is wrong may be swelling of the hands and feet, itchy skin, or the need to urinate more often. Since symptoms vary, it’s best to see your doctor if you think something is wrong.
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Kidney disease occurs when the kidneys are damaged and cannot filter the blood. In chronic kidney disease, damage usually occurs over several years.
High blood pressure (hypertension) and diabetes are the two most common causes of chronic kidney disease. Other causes and conditions that affect kidney function and may cause chronic kidney disease include:
Yes, kidney disease can run in biological families. Risk factors for CKD, such as diabetes, also tend to run in families.
First, your health care provider will take a medical history, perform a physical examination, ask about any medications you are currently taking, and ask about any symptoms you have noticed.
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Other tests may include imaging tests to look for problems with the size and structure of the kidneys – such as ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and/or computed tomography (CT) scans. Your doctor may also order a kidney biopsy to check for a specific type of kidney disease or to determine the extent of kidney damage.
There is no cure for chronic kidney disease (CKD), but steps can be taken to keep your kidneys working for as long as possible. If you have impaired kidney function:
Depending on the cause of your kidney disease, you may be prescribed one or more medications. Medications that a nephrologist may prescribe include:
Because there is no cure for chronic kidney disease, if you have end-stage kidney disease, you and your medical team should consider additional options. Complete kidney failure leads to death if left untreated. Options for end-stage kidney disease include dialysis and kidney transplantation.
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Dialysis is a procedure that uses machines to remove waste from the body when the kidneys are no longer able to perform this function. There are two main types of dialysis:
A kidney transplant involves replacing a diseased kidney with a healthy one. Kidneys for transplantation come from two sources: from living donors and from deceased donors. Living donors are usually family members, partners or friends. A living kidney donor is possible because a person can live well with a healthy kidney.
Deceased donor kidneys usually come from people who are organ donors. All donors are carefully screened to ensure a proper match and to avoid infectious diseases or other complications.
On average, people wait about three to five years for a kidney from a deceased donor. It is usually faster to receive a kidney from a living donor.
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Regular visits to your doctor throughout your life are a good start to preventing kidney disease. About 1 in 3 people in the United States are at risk of kidney disease. High-risk individuals may be screened for CKD on a regular basis so that it can be detected as early as possible. Some other things you can do to prevent CKD include:
If you have kidney disease, you can still lead a productive home and work life and enjoy time with family and friends. For the best outcome, it is important to become an active member of the treatment team.
Early detection and appropriate treatment are important to slow the progression of the disease and prevent or delay kidney failure. You should keep your doctor’s appointments, take your medications as directed, eat a nutritious diet, and monitor your blood pressure and blood sugar levels.
Although chronic kidney disease can be fatal, many people with the disease live a long and happy life after their diagnosis. Most people who seek treatment for kidney disease and have their condition under control never develop kidney failure or die. That’s why it’s important to keep track of all tests and work with your doctor on a treatment plan.
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The leading cause of death for people with CKD is actually heart disease, a complication of CKD. Managing other conditions that negatively affect your kidneys is also key to maintaining kidney function.
Early detection can help prevent kidney disease from worsening to kidney failure. Work with your doctor to manage conditions known to cause kidney disease. These include diabetes, high blood pressure, and other diseases that affect the kidneys.
Since kidney disease often causes no symptoms in its early stages, the best thing you can do is work with your doctor to understand your risks and attend all your annual or scheduled visits with your doctor.
You may not know your kidneys are fighting. Most people have no symptoms of kidney disease in the early stages. That’s why it’s important to have a wellness checkup with your GP every year to manage chronic conditions like diabetes or high blood pressure that can lead to kidney disease.
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In people with healthy kidneys, it is not necessarily bad foods or foods that damage the kidneys. However, if you have chronic kidney disease, your doctor may recommend a kidney-friendly diet. Elements of a kidney-friendly diet may include:
Since understanding and following a kidney-friendly diet is difficult, it’s always a good idea to consult a dietitian as part of your treatment plan. They can help make sure you eat the right types of food if you have chronic kidney disease.
Your urine should not change color, but it may be frothy or frothy, which means there is an excess of protein in the urine. Excess protein means that the kidneys are not filtering toxins from the body.
A diagnosis of CKD can have a profound effect on your life. Treatment of the disease is lifelong and requires time and patience. do not be
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