How Can U Tell If You Have Hiv – HIV progresses in three stages. The first symptoms may appear within a few weeks after infection with the virus. However, in some cases, there are no symptoms for years.
HIV is a virus that destroys the immune system. There is currently no cure for HIV, but since the late 1980s treatment in the form of antiretroviral drugs has been available to reduce the effects of all symptoms.
How Can U Tell If You Have Hiv
In most cases, once a person is infected with HIV, the virus remains in the body for life. However, HIV symptoms differ from other viral infections because they occur in stages.
Common Hiv Symptoms In Women
If left untreated, the disease caused by the infection has three stages. Each has different symptoms and potential problems.
But regular antiretroviral therapy can reduce HIV to undetectable levels in the blood. This means that the virus does not progress to the final stage of HIV infection or be transmitted to partners during sexual intercourse.
The first significant stage is the primary HIV infection. This stage is also called acute retroviral syndrome (ARS) or acute HIV infection.
It usually causes flu-like symptoms, so someone at this stage may think they have the flu or another viral illness instead of HIV. Fever is the most common symptom.
How Do You Get Hiv?
, the main symptoms of HIV can appear 2 to 4 weeks after the initial infection. They can last several weeks. However, some people may have symptoms for only a few days.
ARS is common when a person is infected with HIV. But it’s not for everyone, as symptoms may not appear for a decade or more, according to HIV.gov.
Although the virus multiplies rapidly within weeks of infection, the first symptoms of HIV appear only when the rate of cell death is high.
This does not mean that asymptomatic cases of HIV are less serious or that an asymptomatic person cannot transmit the virus to others.
Reasons Hiv Is On The Rise Among Young Gay And Bisexual Men
HIV has several stages of infection. In the early stages after exposure, symptoms may include flu or cold symptoms. It may resolve spontaneously while HIV is still active in the body. It then progresses to a chronic infection, where symptoms can vary widely, but include weight loss, fatigue, and unexplained fever. The chronic phase can occur at any time after the acute phase, but not immediately after. If left untreated, HIV can progress to AIDS, which is diagnosed by the number of types of white blood cells circulating in the blood.
After primary infection and potential primary infection, HIV may progress to a latent clinical stage of infection. Because of the lack of symptoms in some people, it is also known as asymptomatic HIV infection.
According to HIV.gov, the latent period of HIV infection can last up to 10 or 15 years. This means that the virus replicates more slowly than before. But this does not mean that HIV is gone, and it does not mean that the virus can be transmitted to others.
Symptoms of chronic HIV can range from mild to severe. People may experience the following episodes, especially in advanced stages:
Understanding The Hiv Window Period
Latent clinical infection can progress to the third and final stage of HIV, known as AIDS. The chance of progression is higher if a person with HIV does not receive or adhere to treatment, such as antiretroviral therapy.
) in the blood is a sign that HIV has passed into its final stage. The normal range is from 500 to 1600 cells/mm
Sometimes, AIDS is diagnosed only by a person’s general health – it occurs when HIV has significantly weakened the immune system and can lead to AIDS-defining conditions, such as certain infections and cancers, that are rare in people without HIV. , bring.
People who may be more likely to be infected with HIV are advised to get tested at least once a year. This may include people:
Hiv Treatment As Prevention
, and each has a different window period—the time between exposure to HIV and when a test can detect the virus. If you have been exposed to HIV within the last 72 hours, getting post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) can help prevent transmission.
Nucleic acid tests can usually detect HIV infection 10 to 33 days after exposure.
Antigen/antibody tests using blood from a vein have a typical window period of 18 to 45 days, while antigen/antibody tests are used 23 to 90 days after potential exposure.
A positive result is also tested in a repeat test (known as a “confirmatory test”). If the second test is positive, you will be diagnosed with HIV.
Hiv Rash: What Does It Look Like And How Is It Treated?
Knowing you have HIV can be difficult for some people. But there are health professionals who can provide physical and emotional support.
Your GP can help directly or refer you to someone with experience with HIV. Alternatively, you can find an experienced HIV doctor here.
When diagnosed with HIV, it is important to start treatment as soon as possible. If you experience new or worsening symptoms, contact your doctor or other healthcare professional.
This infection can be treated with antiretroviral drugs. These should be taken at all stages of HIV – even if there are no obvious symptoms.
Why Hiv Spreads Less Easily In Heterosexual Couples
Inside the body by preventing its replication, and can lower its levels to the point where the virus is undetectable.
Therefore, drugs are used to prevent disease outbreaks, maintain quality of life, and prevent transmission of the virus to others through sexual intercourse.
You may be given a combination of drugs to prevent resistance to the virus. Most people have an undetectable viral load within 6 months.
If this is not possible, each sexual partner can be protected by taking a medicine called pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). A condom should also be used to prevent infection during sexual intercourse.
Hiv And Your Liver
HIV blood count and viral load tests and CD4 cell count tests in the blood – these help in the fight against infection.
If HIV progresses to AIDS, other medical interventions are usually needed to treat AIDS-related illnesses or potentially life-threatening complications.
The only 100% effective way to prevent HIV is to avoid sharing injecting equipment and abstaining from sexual intercourse.
The first symptoms usually appear within a few weeks of exposure. However, some people have no symptoms until years later.
Hiv Signs And Symptoms In Women
If you are at risk of contracting HIV, regular tests are important. With timely and appropriate treatment, the infection and its symptoms can be managed, helping you and each sexual partner stay as healthy as possible.
Lauren Sharkey is a British journalist and author specializing in women’s issues. When he’s not trying to discover a cure for migraines, he can find answers to your hidden health questions. He also wrote a book introducing youth activism around the world, and is now building a community of those dissidents. Catch him on Twitter.
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Our experts continue to monitor the health and wellness industry and we update our articles as new information becomes available. The signs and symptoms of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection can vary from person to person – and many people don’t know. They became infected with the virus several years after exposure.
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HIV infection is a progressive disease, meaning it usually gets worse over time. In the early stages, symptoms may be mild and easily mistaken for an illness such as the flu. However, as the disease progresses and destroys the immune system, other, more severe symptoms may appear.
Therefore, it is important to recognize the symptoms of HIV at different stages of infection. By doing this, you can get tested and start life-long HIV treatment.
“Even if you don’t have symptoms,” says Linda-Gail Becker, MD, an infectious disease specialist in South Africa and president of the International AIDS Society, “testing and early treatment can provide health and a stable life. Hope.”
Below is a list of HIV symptoms along with the stage of infection where they are most likely to appear:
How Is Hiv Transmitted?
Known as acute retroviral syndrome, or ARS, the acute phase occurs immediately after infection when the immune system has not yet controlled the virus. During this time, about 40 to 90 percent of people experience mild flu symptoms, while the rest have no symptoms at all.
Although these symptoms usually appear within 7 to 14 days of exposure, they can appear as early as 3 days. About 30 percent of people with ARS develop a pink and red maculopapular rash, usually on the upper half of the body. The box sometimes gradually turns into a bigger box.
Around the 14th day, the virus begins to grow rapidly. Although some people may have symptoms of ARS for up to three months, most people feel better within two weeks as the immune system gradually gets the infection under control.
Exception: a symptom called lymphadenopathy, sometimes
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