How Can U Tell If Someone Has Hiv – The signs and symptoms of HIV (caused by the person’s immune system) can vary from person to person – and many people do not know they are infected until years after their first infection.
HIV is a progressive disease, which means it usually gets worse. In the early stages, the symptoms may be mild and easily mistaken for the flu. However, as the disease progresses and weakens the body, severe symptoms can occur.
How Can U Tell If Someone Has Hiv
Therefore, it is important to know the signs of HIV in different stages of infection. That way, you can get tested and start taking lifelong HIV medications.
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“Even if you don’t have symptoms,” says Linda-Gail Bekker, MD, a specialist in South Africa and president of the International AIDS Society. especially in South Africa and the president of the International AIDS Society, “testing and early treatment. provide better health and almost a better life. . . .”
Here is a list of HIV symptoms and the stages of infection in which they can occur:
Known as acute hypersensitivity, or ARS, the inflammatory phase occurs immediately after an infection, when the body is unable to control the infection. During this time, about 40 percent to 90 percent of people will have mild to moderate flu-like symptoms, while others will have no symptoms at all.
Although these symptoms usually appear within 7 to 14 days of exposure, they can appear after 3 days. About 30 percent of people with ARS will develop a rash that varies from red to red, usually on one side of the body. The rash will sometimes gradually turn into a large, increasingly itchy rash.
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Around the 14th day, the disease will begin to stop growing. Although some people may experience symptoms of ARS for up to three months, most people will begin to feel better within two weeks as the immune system gradually takes over to control the disease.
Exceptions: the symptoms are called lymphadenopathy, sometimes inflammation of the lymph nodes in areas of the body such as the neck, neck or groin. Even if other symptoms have disappeared, lymphadenopathy may persist for months or longer.
“The important thing to remember is that the resolution of symptoms does not mean that the infection is gone,” says Dennis Sifris, MD, an HIV specialist with Lifesense Disease Management Group, in South Africa. “HIV is not like liver disease that can go away forever. HIV is permanent and better treated sooner rather than later.”
Long periods of infection occur when the immune system brings the infection under control. During this time, HIV will hide, where it resides in many cells and tissues throughout the body in an inactive state called latency. HIV latency can remain without symptoms for 10 years or more, although some people may have symptoms within a year or two.
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In the early chronic stages, lymphadenopathy may be the only sign of HIV infection. Sometimes, the gland will be enlarged and reach an inch or more in size. If the condition lasts for more than three months, it is called persistent generalized lymphadenopathy (PGL).
Even during the latency period, the virus will be somewhat imperceptible and will gradually deplete the immune system called CD4 T cells. Since immunity is insufficient, a number of non-specific symptoms may appear, including:
All of these symptoms are often seen in people with a compromised immune system. It can be caused by HIV itself or by an undiagnosed infection.
If left untreated, HIV will almost always cause symptoms. There is no timeline or pattern as to when this will happen. In general, the lower a person’s immune system (as measured by a CD4 count), the greater the risk of certain diseases. We call these diseases “business” because they become dangerous only when the human immune system is weakened.
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At some point, if not treated, the violation of CD4 T cells can lead to the stage of the disease known as AIDS or infection of the immune system. This is where the most serious infections occur. AIDS is defined as having a CD4 count below 200 or having at least one of the 27 different AIDS-defining conditions as defined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Symptoms in the later stages of HIV and AIDS include viral, bacterial, viral, and parasitic infections as well as cancers such as cervical cancer and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. These diseases affect other organs and areas of the body, including:
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HIV destroys CD4 cells, which are responsible for keeping people healthy and protecting them from disease and infection. As HIV slowly weakens the immune system, signs and symptoms may appear.
HIV targets a type of cell that normally attacks invaders such as HIV. As the virus replicates, it damages or destroys the CD4 cells and creates the virus to infect more CD4 cells. CD4 cells are also called T cells or helper cells.
Without treatment, this cycle can continue until the immune system is weakened, leaving the person at risk for severe illness and infection.
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is the final stage of HIV. At this stage, the immune system is not very strong, and the risk of infection increases.
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However, not everyone who is infected with HIV will develop AIDS. The sooner the person receives treatment, the better the outcome.
The immune system protects the body against infection and infection. White blood cells protect the body against viruses, bacteria and other diseases that can make people sick.
A few days after exposure to the virus, people with HIV may have a fever-like illness that lasts for several weeks. This corresponds to the first stage of HIV, which is called the stage of severe infection, or HIV infection.
A person with HIV may not have many serious symptoms during this time, but often has a large amount of the virus in their blood because the virus reproduces quickly.
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The next stage is called chronic disease. It can last 10 to 15 years. A person with HIV may or may not show any symptoms during this time.
Kaposi’s sarcoma, another common complication, is a cancer of the blood vessels. It is rare in the general population, but more common in people with HIV.
Symptoms include red or dark purple in the mouth and skin. It can cause problems in the lungs, digestive system and other organs.
HIV and AIDS also put a person at a higher risk for developing lymph nodes. An early symptom of lymphoma is swollen lymph nodes.
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HIV makes it harder to fight respiratory infections like colds and flu. For example, people with HIV can develop infectious diseases, such as pneumonia.
Without HIV treatment, severe liver disease puts a person with HIV at greater risk for infectious complications, such as tuberculosis and a fungal infection called pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PJP). .
The risk of lung cancer also increases with HIV. This is caused by weakened lungs from various respiratory problems associated with a weakened immune system.
People with HIV are more likely to have high blood pressure. HIV also increases the risk of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). PAH is a type of high blood pressure in the arteries that supply blood to the lungs. Over time, PAH can filter the heart and can cause heart failure.
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TB is an airborne disease that affects the lungs.
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